European Bison (Bis√£o Europeu) ūü¶¨

Thousands of years ago it was common to find the legendary European bison across Europe, an animal that was not unique to the American West.
Unfortunately, the bison has been one of the most poached animals in human history, and both the Yellowstone American bison and the European bison (Bison bonasus) have been hunted to the point where they have nearly disappeared.
There are three types of bison, American, European and Asian. In Asia, this species is also called Gauro or Indian bison. In America the bison, or bison, is a species that inhabits the prairie in the north of the continent. And finally, the European bison will be our object of study in this article. Although superficially similar, several physical and behavioral differences are observed between the European bison and the American bison.
In the case of the European bison, the few specimens that have survived have allowed a large population of this animal to remain, thanks to an effective conservation program. The skin and horns of animals were highly coveted and their meat was widely consumed. Its horns were often used to store drinks.
A European bison can range as an adult from 2 meters to 3.5 meters. Its height is also quite frightening, reaching the proportions of a man of average height (1.60 meters) or greater than that (1.95 meters).

FILO: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Artiodactyla
FAMILY: Bovidae

Length: up to 1.80 meters
Weight: almost 1 ton
Can move quickly
excellent swimmer
Gestation period: 9 months
Food: tree bark.

European Bison in cold climate location

In warm or temperate seasons, these robust ruminants seek out damp, shady forests. In winter, the dry climate of the mountains pleases them more. While females and young live in herds, males prefer solitude.
They join the others only in August or September, during the mating season. Between the males then fights occur, sometimes fatal. Nine months later the cubs are born, which remain with their mothers until adulthood. Thus, females are only able to breed after three years. In zoos, the reproductive cycle is sometimes faster because the animal becomes sexually mature earlier.


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4 coment√°rios sobre “European Bison (Bis√£o Europeu) ūü¶¨

  1. Bison may live in the wild for 15 years, in captivity, bison may live as long as 25 years. Bison females (cows) begin reproducing around 2-3 years of age, giving birth to a single calf each spring, after a 9.5 month gestation period. Calves may nurse for 7-8 months and are weaned by the end of their first year. Males (bulls) are reproductively mature by the age of 3 but often do not actively reproduce until they are 6 years old, when they are heavier and better able to compete with other bulls for opportunities to mate with cows. Bison mortality causes include predation (particularly of calves), hunting, disease, drought, severe weather and deep snow, drowning (often due to falling through ice), but healthy herds typically have high growth rates to offset these losses.

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