Komodo Dragon (Drag√£o de Komodo) ūüźČ

The Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) is the largest living member of the lizard family. They are fearsome predators inhabitants of isolated islands.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), only 5,000 specimens of the species exist in nature and are considered vulnerable to extinction.

Unknown to Western science until 1912, Komodo dragons only live on a few small islands in the Indonesian archipelago, although their close relatives, such as monitor lizards, are found elsewhere on the planet.

Though large, he can move quickly, being able to hunt humans, pigs, deer, and goats. Through their jaws and claws, they can kill most prey quickly.

Characteristics

Length: up to 3.5 meters
Weight: up to 110 kilograms
Color: gray and brown
Lifespan: 50 years
Claws: Five claws on each paw
Size: Up to 125 kilograns, 3.1 meters.
Location: Komodo, Rinca and two other smaller islands in Indonesia.
Diet: Pigs, goats, deer, buffalo, horses, small dragons and humans.
Reproduction: Oviparous, laying 15 to 40 eggs.

For reproduction, females make holes in the ground, where they lay between 24 and 30 eggs, which hatch around 40 days after laying. Many of the dragons that will be born will never reach adulthood, being devoured by elements of their own kind.

The males are larger than the females and both have a sturdy and strong body, a long tail and short legs, with five powerful claws on each. They are fit to tear the flesh of their victims. The mouth is equipped with 2 cm long, pointed, serrated, backward-facing teeth.

Curiosity

While the mythological dragon breathes fire, the komodo produces, inside its mouth, a drool with an enormous variety and amount of bacteria, such as Staphylococcus sp, Providencia sp, Proteus sp and Pseudomonas sp, which transform it into a extremaly poisonous “bacterial broth”.

This incredible giant is a remarkable predator. It does not instantly kill its prey, that is, it bites first, and the infection caused by its bite will end up killing the animal or even a human being, after a few days.

Then, when it smells of rotting flesh, the dragon can pick up the scent up to 7 km away! He goes to the place to have his feast.

It also happens that several dragons arrive at the same prey and at the same time, so the meal is shared, in a hierarchical way, but always with some fights between them.

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